GER/HIST 278 Syllabus

Ger/Hist 278, Spring 2017: Medieval Answers to Modern Problems

Lecture Notes | Pledge Form | Rubrics | Papers / Syllabus / Portfolio

This course can count toward the Cultural Minor in German Studies or toward the THEMATIC MINOR IN MEDIEVAL STUDIES


INSTRUCTOR: Prof. Albrecht Classen, Dept. of German Studies, 301 Learning Services Building, Office 318; tel. 621-1395;


OFFICE HOURS: Mo and We 11a.m.-12 p.m., and any other time after appointment (but always feel free simply to stop by at my office, email me, call me to make sure that I am in)

Grader: James Howell

Office hours: tba


D2L  and other technical details: The D2L website (login) is:

If you have trouble with or questions about D2L, please contact:
If you do not check on a daily basis your d2l e-mail account (automatically assigned to you and already in place), you must set-up auto-forward to an account that you check daily. Please go to:

Meeting Times: TTh 2:00 p.m.-3:15 p.m. 

The Middle Ages seem to be a period far away from our own times, but any close analysis indicates that the roots of the modern world reach back directly to the medieval period. Many of the questions raised then are also raised today, and we moderns are obviously still confronted with the same problems as people in those distant times were. This course does not intend to build a flimsy bridge between two cultural epochs just because historically we grew out of the older epoch. Instead, there is an understanding of fundamental links between both worlds, and we are well-advised to consider the past in order to understand the present, and hence to prepare us for the future. We will examine historical, literary, political, religious, and didactic documents in our search for how people in the past approached their problems and what solutions they found. 

This is a literature, history, and philosophy course which satisfies the requirements for General Education, Tier Two, Humanities, dealing with fundamental aspects of human culture in an interdisciplinary fashion, developing critical thinking and interpretive approaches to timeless issues in human life. We will read a range of medieval texts (historical, literary, religious, philosophical) and respond to the authors’ challenges by asking how much their perspectives might illuminate us today. There are several goals for this course: First, I expect you to learn enough about the Middle Ages at large so that you can comprehend the cultural, historical, political, and also economic aspects of the wider context relevant for our primary reading. Second, we will also examine the question of what history means to us, and what premodern philosophical, literary, political, and religious texts can teach us today through a reading of a wide variety of primary texts from the Middle Ages. Third, this is a writing-intensive (according to Gen.Ed. requirements) course which requires you to respond to our texts on a regular basis (journal) and to develop an understanding of the messages from the past, writing a specific minimum of words. Fourth, through your own research acquire basic knowledge about the art history, manuscript culture, and research relevant of the Middle Ages.

For the General Education Writing Guidelines and Principles at the UA, see this link

Two books:

1. Albrecht Classen, Medieval Answers to Modern Problems. Second Edition (San Diego: University Readers/Cognella, 2017). we will use only that edition, please. The publisher and I have worked long and hard during the Fall semester 2016 to revise and update this book. I believe you will enjoy it.

The required book for my GER/HIST 278 course, Medieval Answers to Modern Problems (Second Edition), is published and distributed by Cognella, Inc. The book is now available for purchase in both print and digital formats through their student e-commerce store (
I have carefully chosen this book to provide you with the best learning experience. Please purchase it ASAP to stay on top of your readings. Doing so will help you be successful in this class.

Print Price: $69.95
Digital Price: $62.95

The book includes readings that we will use in class daily, so you should purchase your own copy. Also, please keep in mind that our institution adheres to copyright law, so any copyrighted material should not be copied or duplicated in any manner.

I strongly encourage you to buy this textbook directly from the publisher. This will ensure you receive the following benefits:

  • Best price available. The publisher offers a 20% discount off of the book’s list price and there are no third-party price markups applied.
  • Most updated edition. Only the current, most recent edition is available, unlike other vendors who may carry older editions.
  • Immediate access to your own full or partial (FREE 30% PDF) e-book from within your student account. Full e-books work with various mobile devices.

To purchase the textbook, please follow the instructions below:
Step 1: Log on to
Step 2: Create an account or log in if you have an existing account to purchase.
Step 3: Easy-to-follow instructions guide you through the rest of the ordering process. Payment can be made by all major credit cards.
Step 4: After purchasing, you can access your full or partial e-book by logging into your account and clicking My Digital Materials to get started on your readings right away.
Orders are typically processed within 24 hours and the shipping time will depend on the selected shipping method and day it is shipped (orders are not shipped on Sundays or holidays). If you experience any difficulties, please email or call 800.200.3908 ext. 503.
2nd book: A. Classen, Love, Life, and Lust in Heinrich Kaufringer’s Verse Narratives (Tempe, AZ: ACMRS, 2014); available at the UA Bookstore

3. Top Hat (also required)

We will be using the Top Hat (this is our unique link for this class Spring 2017: learning management system in class.  You will be able to submit answers to in-class questions using Apple or Android smartphones and tablets, laptops, or through text message.  

You can visit for the Student Quick Start Guide which outlines how you will register for a Top Hat account, as well as providing a brief overview to get you up and running on the system.  An email invitation will also be sent to your school email account (if you don't receive this email, you can register by visiting our course website See also this link.

Top Hat will require a paid subscription, and the standard pricing for the most cost-efficient option is $36 for 12-months of unlimited access. For a full breakdown of all subscription options available please visit

-Access code 

 : 166506

Although it is assumed that you will attend all class sessions, you are informed hereby that excessive absences will have consequences. We will use the tophat LMS to check your attendance. 7% of your grade will reflect your attendance, and 8% your active participation along with your homework. So, this amounts to 15% of your overall grade!


The UA’s policy concerning Class Attendance, Participation, and Administrative Drops is available at

The UA policy regarding absences for any sincerely held religious belief, observance or practice will be accommodated where reasonable:

Please treat each other with respect and tolerance. People do have different views and opinions, but all these can only contribute to the rich learning experience I hope you all will have in this class. You are strongly encouraged to participate in class as much as possible. The two class meetings per week will only be of profit for you if you respond to my questions and those of your classmates.

The University of Arizona is committed to fostering a learning, working, and living environment free from all forms of discrimination, including harassment. The University’s Nondiscrimination and Anti-harassment Policy prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, and gender identity. The policy also prohibits retaliation for opposing discriminatory conduct, filing a discrimination-related complaint, or participating in the investigation of a discrimination-related complaint.
For definitions of discrimination, harassment, and retaliation, please see the University's Nondiscrimination and Anti-harassment Policy here or visit the Office of Institutional Equity website.

The UA Threatening Behavior by Students Policy prohibits threats of physical harm to any member of the University community, including to oneself. See

Classroom behavior: Are you this nerd or are you a mature adult? See this video (facetious)

Accessibility and Accommodations

Our goal in this classroom is that learning experiences be as accessible as possible. If you anticipate or experience physical or academic barriers based on disability, please let me know immediately so that we can discuss options. You are also welcome to contact the Disability Resource Center (520-621-3268) to establish reasonable accommodations. For additional information on the Disability Resource Center and reasonable accommodations, please visit

Code of Academic Integrity 

Required language: Students are encouraged to share intellectual views and discuss freely the principles and applications of course materials. However, graded work/exercises must be the product of independent effort unless otherwise instructed. Students are expected to adhere to the UA Code of Academic Integrity as described in the UA General Catalog. See

The University Libraries have some excellent tips for avoiding plagiarism, available at

Selling class notes and/or other course materials to other students or to a third party for resale is not permitted without the instructor’s express written consent. Violations to this and other course rules are subject to the Code of Academic Integrity and may result in course sanctions. Additionally, students who use D2L or UA e-mail to sell or buy these copyrighted materials are subject to Code of Conduct Violations for misuse of student e-mail addresses. This conduct may also constitute copyright infringement.

Do not ever copy from the work produced by your classmates or by other students who might have taken this course in previous semesters. If you receive help in writing your papers, make sure that the final outcome still represents your own work. You can discuss your papers with your fellow students, but at the end they need to consist of your own ideas and words! Be advised that the Web is a great search tool, but never, never copy from there without identifying very clearly what you used.  At this point the scholarly value of web-based material still is not totally reliable, and the chances that you might stumble upon a most dubious webpage with untrustworthy information are very high.  When you quote from a secondary source, clearly identify the quote and tell the reader in a footnote where you quoted from.  Every year more than 100 students at the UA are caught having committed the crime of plagiarism, resulting in penalties that could be as severe as expulsion from the University!  You are smart enough not to copy from other people.

If there is any doubt in your mind whether you might commit plagiarism, see:

Plagiarism and the Web
If you commit plagiarism, you could either receive a 0 on your specific assignment, or an F for the entire course.  Depending on the gravity of the case, you might even be expelled from the University. Every plagiarism case must be reported to the Head of my depart., to the head of my dept., and to the Dean of Students.


UA Nondiscrimination and Anti-harassment Policy

Required: The University is committed to creating and maintaining an environment free of discrimination; see

Our classroom is a place where everyone is encouraged to express well-formed opinions and their reasons for those opinions. We also want to create a tolerant and open environment where such opinions can be expressed without resorting to bullying or discrimination of others.

Help with writing: The Writing Skills Improvement Program offers a number of valuable workshops at 1201 E. Helen Street.  Please consult with them if you have a need to improve your writing skills (no walk-ins).  For perhaps more immediate help, see the Writing Center (walk-ins allowed). Tel.: 621-5849

Writing Center: The Writing Center is a free resource for UA undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty and staff.  At the Writing Center, a trained peer consultant will work individually with you on anything you're writing (in or out of class), at any point in the writing process from brainstorming to editing. Appointments are recommended, but not required.  For more information or to make an appointment, visit their website at, stop by at Nugent Building, main level, or call (520) 626-0530.

How to avoid logical fallacies in your arguments

GRADING: (100% total)
1. 2  in-class exams (10% for the first, 10% for the second exam = 20%): always bring a blue book for the exam. We always will have essay questions. The second exam will be more comprehensive, including the historical components once again.
2. 3 essays (8% for the first, 12% for the second, and 20% for the third) = 40%. Ca. 500 words for the first, 1200 words for the second essays, 1600 words for the third, 2 pt. spacing, font 12 pts. Times Roman, margin 1" on all sides. Always write down on the top right: your name, student ID, and word count. For rubrics, see below.

3. Portfolio: 25%. See below (100 points)

4. Attendance (7%) and Participation (8%): 15% (checked with Top Hat)

Topics: I will give you a selection of possible topics for each paper, but feel free to come up with your own (consult with me). I would discourage you from pursuing a perspective comparing past with modern issues, as much as the entire course is concerned with that, because it is very difficult to pinpoint easily what those issues really might be in the present time. 

Each essay will be graded as follows:
Must be typed, with at least 1" margin on all sides, at least 12 points letter size. Bring the print-out to class when paper is due. Submit also in electronic form to the dropboxes in D2L in time before the due date, though only the paper copy will count for the grading. Keep in mind that each paper will be automatically examined as to the degree of similarities with other papers by yourself, your classmates, published studies by scholars, and online material (turnitin software!). You will always receive an automatic confirmation from dropbox that you have submitted your paper. Make sure to keep that alert as proof that your submission has worked well. If your paper is not in the dropbox, I cannot help you, and you will lose all your points. When there is suspicion of plagiarism, I will call you in for a conference, and the consequences for plagiarism might be very harsh. Do not write your paper together with a classmate, though you can, of course, discuss the topics with him/her, or with one of the preceptors. If you copy from another paper/chapter/article in print or online, without acknowledging the author and without indicating the extent to which you have copied by means of quotation marks and references, you commit plagiarism. Even if you quote and indicate so, limit this to a minimum because only your own work/words will count.

Thesis: Concisely developed, clear concept, well formulated (avoid paraphrase!) -  20 pts. Always provide a title that captures your thesis. Keep the thesis statement in bold.

Argument: Good use of original text to illustrate the thesis; complex argument based on a solid knowledge of the text; convincing organization; engage with one outside source: 50 pts. If you do not engage with a critical secondary source at all, loss of 15 points, if only fleetingly or superficially, loss of 10 points.

Conclusion: Convincing connection with the thesis, good summary of the argument, final comment on the outside source (negatively or positively), concise formulation; 20 pts.

Outside Sources: Each time you must engage with at least one pertinent outside source, i.e., a critical study of recent vintage (not from prior to 1960!). This must be a solid piece of scholarship, published in a reputable journal, edited volume, or the like (no webpage articles, unless it's an online journal by its own right). Bring in the author's opinion and use it either to support your own argument or demonstrate why you believe that that other opinion misreads the text. Loss of points if no source used, or if inappropriate. Pertinent means that the scholar writes about the text you are discussing. You can lose up to 10 points if this does not happen systematically in your paper. Mostly, this will show in the argument!

Format: Write down your first last name, SI, class, instructor, term, year on the top of your paper. Next follows the title. Next the thesis in bold.

At the end of your paper write a statement and sign it that this is your own piece of work and that you did not receive outside help.

Stylistics: 10 points: Correct use of grammar and diction, sophisticated use of vocabulary, complex sentence structure.
LENGTH: first paper should consist of ca. 1/3 p. for thesis and 1/3 page for conclusion, with ca. 1 pages for the main body of arguments (ca. 500 words); double that for second paper (1200 words), and ca. triple for third paper (1600 words).

Again: Always submit a hard copy and upload a version to the dropbox on D2L! You must do both! We will grade only the hard copy, while the electronic version serves only to check your work regarding plagiarism issues.

Online databases: Modern Language Bibliography, Iter, International Medieval Bibliography, Regesta Imperii, JSTOR, etc.


There is a very large bibliography and a collection of valuable articles available in my Handbook of Medieval Studies, ed. A. C. (Berlin and New York: De Gruyter, 2010; online, in our library under Articles and Databases). See now also my Handbook of Medieval Culture, ed. A.C. (Berlin and Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2015), available in hard copy in the reference library. You can, for instance, quote individual articles from both reference works. Moreover, familiarize yourself with the various research sources in our library (MLA, JSTOr, etc.).  Your outside sources have to engage with the same text you are working with. The studies that you will consult cannot be from prior to 1960.

If you use an article in either reference work, then that would be your secondary source because the individual articles here are fully fledged independent articles.. Otherwise, do not cite, for instance, from the Dictionary of the Middle Ages or Lexikon des Mittelalters; both are very valuable, but they are really just that, dictionaries, and the short pieces just digest our knowledge.

Ex. for a Thesis for Paper One: As Boethius illustrates, misfortune is a misnomer as it proves to be a real test of friendship. Or: The Hildebrandslied argues that the traditional value of heroic honor has a devastating effect on all of society..

 How to cite your secondary sources :
Trumpener, Katie. "Memories Carved in Granite: Great War Memorials and Everyday Life."  PMLA 115 (2000): 1096-103. - this is a journal article

Hanks, Patrick.  "Do Word Meanings Exist?"  Computers and the Humanities 34 (2000): 205-15 - journal article.

Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: A World (New York: Scribner's, 2001). - this is a monograph!

"Selected Seventeenth-Century Events," Romantic Chronology.  Ed. Laura Mandell and Alan Liu. 1999. U of California, Santa Barbara.  12 November 2003 <;. (last accessed on Month, date, year) - this is an online source

You must use this format! Otherwise loss of points.


3. Portfolio: 25%: Focus on one of the texts we discussed in class and explore its cultural-historical context.

A. Find a relevant image (painting), must be at least 800 dpi (scan, photograph, etc.). First step: identify your text, determine the time period. Go to the library, find a book dealing with the history of art of that period. Search for the image there. Only then: search in ARTstore, on the library webpage, search for a relevant book on art history, identify a contemporary image, scan it in, take a photo, etc. Provide information on the artist, title, date and where you got the image from. (15 pts)

B. Image of a relevant building reflecting the specific time period, language, and culture (provide an image, again, min. 800 dpi). The image can be scanned from a book using the UA Libraries book scanner, copy and pasted from ARTstor or other library source or from the Web.  Provide information on the artist, title, date and where you got the image from. (15 pts)

C. Identify where the medieval manuscript of your text is currently housed, in what library, and under what call number. We hardly have the medieval writers' autographs, but you can always identify one of the early manuscripts of their text. Do not confuse this with the modern call numbers used in the modern libraries. An edition or translation of the works by Marie de France might have a call number such as PQ 480. etc., since that's what we might have in the library. The call number for the medieval manuscript would be something very different, identifying the original Old Anglo-Norman text. Each critical edition of the original text, and often also the English translations, contain, in the introduction, a clear reference to the original manuscript, with the exact call number. A useful search tool online might be: go to Dictionary of Literary Biographies, online, or consult the Dictionary of the Middle Ages, or the Lexikon des Mittelalters (all in the Reference Area) (10 pts). Otherwise, search for the critical edition of the text and identify at least one major manuscript listed there. If confused, check out the critical edition and bring it to me, so that I can help you with that. 

D. Create a bibliography using, as your starting point, a relevant monograph held in the library (nothing earlier than 1980). Put the bibliographical information on top of the page. Identify the major references in the book, that is, in the foot- or endnotes, or then in the bibliography. That means: Identify which sources your author uses most commonly. Once you have realized that, put together this list of 5 major titles to which the author has regularly referred to (not prior to 1960). I do not expect you to engage much with them, since this is only a bibliographical exercise, but feel free to read deeper. Simply put, just a bibliography of the 5 most commonly cited secondary sources. Use the MLA style, as outlined above (10 pts)

E. Create a bibliography using, as your starting point, an online bibliographical database (MLA, Iter, IMB, etc.), consisting  of at least 5 major studies pertaining to your primary author/poet. (10 pts) (nothing prior to 2000, please)

For D and E you are only required to identify those titles and to list them alphabetically. But still, provide the full bibliographical information according to the MLA model.

F. Identify one modern study on your text, not older than ca. 1980 (if you have a question, please ask me), provide the bibliographical information, and write a critical summary: What does the author say or argue about. Ca. 500 words. This pertains to a short article, perhaps also to an independent chapter in a book (but it must be a brief and concise study standing on its own. Include a copy of that article or chapter into your portfolio (hence a short study, please, but it must consist of at least 10 pp.), along with the critical summary. (30 pts) Do not use a monograph since this is far beyond the scope of this assignment, unless you use a chapter from it. This mean, you detail what the author has argued, and you try to evaluate its relevance or whether it convinces you or not. This must be a different article from the one you might engage with in your papers.

Print out the images, establish separate files in your folder, give each file the appropriate title. Submit the portfolio any time throughout the semester, but not later than May 1, 4 p.m. in our main office, SLB 301 (I am not going to collect them in class!). Put all your material in a decent folder, identify it by your name, Student ID, class, email, and date. Appearance, format, style: 10 pts

G. For expedient library research, see this tutorial.

H. Before you submit the portfolio, you are invited to consult with the grader or the instructor. We can help you verify whether you got a good image of a painting, or a building, check on the bibliography, and review perhaps whether your critical summary is good enough. 

I. Put the entire portfolio into an appropriate folder, create subcategories, provide a table of contents, print out the various bibliographies, print the images, and submit the critical summary. 10 pts for mechanics, organization, stylistics, etc.

K. For specific grading rubrics, click here
L. Submit the portfoilo to our department, LSB 301 (deadline: April 25, 4 p.m.), not in class, please.
M. Please note, the entire portfolio is an excercise in how to do basic research, how to connect with the cutting edge research, how to trace the original source, and also how to make an impressive case with your portfolio. Form and content must correlate! This is a crucial step toward professionalization.
LATE SUBMISSION: Papers must be submitted on time and as a print-out, late submissions are not permitted (except with valid excuse).
You will be responsible for checking your D2L account as to your grades. Please report immediately to me if a grade is missing after the paper or exam has been returned. You will have 10 days max. after the paper grade has been uploaded to D2L to verify or question the grade.

Top Hat

We will be using the Top Hat ( classroom response system in class.  You will be able to submit answers to in-class questions using Apple or Android smartphones and tablets, laptops, or through text message.  

You can visit for the Student Quick Start Guide which outlines how you will register for a Top Hat account, as well as providing a brief overview to get you up and running on the system.  An email invitation will also be sent to your school email account (if you don't receive this email, you can register by visiting our course website

Top Hat will require a paid subscription, and the standard pricing for the most cost-efficient option is $36 for 12-months of unlimited access. For a full breakdown of all subscription options available please visit


Note: You just need to replace "XXXXXX" with your 6 digit course join code. 

EXTRA CREDIT: see below
Jan. 12, 2017: First Day of Class: Welcome and Introduction.  

Let us discuss specifically what 5 of the most prevalent topics have always been for people throughout time. These will then be dealt with throughout the class looking at them through a variety of lenses
Jan. 17: We read the introductory text by Emily Amt and Classen: Historical framework, social structure, economic conditions

Jan. 19: Continuation with Amt/Classen: literature, religion, education, Jewish-Christian relations

Jan. 24: Misfortune, Death, Justice, and Happiness

Boethius, Book I

Jan. 26: Boethius, Book II 

Jan. 31: Boethius, Book III (now in our textbook, also edited and highlighted)

(Feb. 04: Last day to increase in units without the $250.00 Late Registration Fee)

Feb. 02: Father-Son Conflict, Loyalty, Honor, Death

The Song of Hildebrand (55-56)
Feb. 7 Hildebrand
Feb. 9: Hildebrand, cont., and, for a contrast, Kaufringer, no. 21
Feb. 14:1st exam: short essay questions (each max. half a page) reg. the historical time frame, Boethius, Hildebrandslied, You must bring blue books (small books) for the exam. Write down the question first, then think about your possible answer, and only then put down your answer (you must write legibly!).
Feb. 16: Nibelungenlied:1-15
Feb. 21: Nibelungenlied: 16-22
Feb. 23: Nibelungenlied  23-30 
Feb. 28: Nibelungenlied 31-39
Quest for the Self
March 02: Final discussion of the Nibelungenlied, and: Our Lady's Tumbler. See, for instance, Le Thionet (photos) Le Thionet (video I, with speaker) (video II, only music in the background) (video III, with Gregorian chant)
March 7: 1st essay due in class: write either on Boethius, Hildebrandslied, or Nibelungenlied. Please pay attention to the instructions above.  Final discussion of the Tumbler. Then: Love, Marriage. Reading: Marie de France: Lanval (111)
March 9: Marie de France: Lanval and Eliduc. Homework assignment: Find a recent critical study on Marie de France, either online (in a journal) or in the library (paper copy), read it and summarize it critically. Please report back to the class what the individual scholar's contribution was on March 21 
March 11-19: Spring Break
March 21: Review of Marie de France: Present what research you have found, We read: The Two Lovers.
March 23: We continue with the Review: Report about research focused on Marie de France. Be prepared to stand up and address the class.This will be critically important as a preparation for your portfolio.  We read Bisclavret.
March 28: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
March 30: 2nd essay due in class (deal with one text we have discussed since the first essay, such as one or two lais by Marie de France, the NL, or Our Lady's Tumbler. We are reading: Sir Gawain, and Kaufringer, no. 1 (contrastive approach)
April 04:  Continue with Kaufringer no. 1. What do we make out of this story for us today? Is there no clear human justice? We also read: Abelard, 247-248
April 06: Rationality, Critical Thinking:Abelard, 249-252
April 11: Completion of Abelard:, focusing on Heloise's comments (253-55); Kaufringer: No. 7; 2nd paper is returned today
April 13:  Contrast: Kaufringer: no. 13, no. 18
April 18: If you want to rewrite your second essay, it will be due on this day, in class. Bold all changes and submit both the old and the new version (staple both together). Only the second grade will count, so watch it, it could go up (I hope so), or down! We read: Dante Alighieri:Midlife Crisis, Meaning of Life, Love:We begin reading Dante's Inferno (139) Questions. (Video 1; Video 2; Video 3).Life of Dante 
April 20:  Roger Bacon: new text, please read online by clicking on the link to the left. I have also edited the text for you. Click here. We also read: Heinrich Kaufringer, no. 4
April 25: Dante; review; Heinrich Kaufringer: No. 8: The Search for the Happily Married Couple; No. 25: Seven Deadly Sins
April 27: 2nd exam
May 1: Deadline for portfolio, but you can submit it any time throughout the semester beforehand. DUE TIME FOR PORTFOLIO: 4 P.M. IN OUR DEPT. NO LATER !!! WE WILL NOT ACCEPT ANY PORTFOLIO AFTER 4 P.M. Because of size, the portfolio has to be submitted in the department. Please sign in to confirm that you brought it yourself
May 2: 3rd essay due in class (deal with one text only covered in class since the 2nd essay). You must be present in class to submit the essay! last day of class. We'll read: Kaufringer: No. 6: The Cowardly Husband; No. 14: The Innocent Murderess; No. 29: Fight over Love and Beauty.
Final reflections: What have we achieved, what have we learned. 
Extra credit: attend any of the sessions in the conference "On the Road Again: Time, Space and Identity in the Middle Ages," Fri or Sat., May 5-6, but sign in, please. You will be welcome to attend the conference as long as you want.  Write a brief summary of ca. 500 words and submit to me in as a printed copy on Mo, May 8, latest at 4 p.m. No late submissions!  Up to 30 extra points.

The Program

Students are responsible for picking up their graded papers either in class or from the dept. within max. 10 school days after they have been returned officially in class. Similarly, students are responsible for checking on their grades posted on D2L. After 10 school days no further review is possible. I cannot guarantee that your papers will be waiting for you weeks after the deadline. Submission to dropbox is not a substitute for the hard copy.


Subject to Change Statement

Information contained in the course syllabus, other than the grade and absence policy, may be subject to change with advance notice, as deemed appropriate by the instructor.

Final Grade Review: If there might be a problem with your grade, you can ask me for a review until May 14, 12 p.m. Beyond that, there will not be any opportunity to revisit your grade.



Join code: 166506